California is a beautiful state - from the arc of the Golden Gate bridge - the land of beaches, deserts, tall trees, mountains, farms, Hollywood, and Silicon Valley.
But underneath is the miasma of fraud. The state is prone to off-the-books operations, double-book accounting, shady deals, and coercion - from investors to bankers, and third parties. Sometimes, major companies get involved.
A recent snapshot of the problem here identified payments of $768 million which were underreported or obscured.
The impact is felt by the state as a whole in terms of gaps in tax revenue. Activities like this make it tough for the State to run a balanced budget and dampen innovation. There is hope, however, that these dark corners that shroud the golden future will be illuminated by the light of truth, over time.